This treatment is thought to rejuvenate through injections of a patient's own platelet-rich plasma (PRP). To do this, doctors draw a small amount of the patient's blood and place it in a centrifuge to isolate natural growth factors. PRP can spur collagen production and increase blood flow, which results in firmer skin. When injected into specific areas of the face, PRP injections reduce the appearance of wrinkles and result in a vibrant, youthful appearance.1
Any patient who wishes to reduce volume loss, fine lines, and textural changes of the skin is suitable for this procedure. It also appeals to the patient who is looking for a natural approach to volumizing the face and treating or reducing fine lines.2
There are very few contraindications to PRP treatment. As the patient’s own blood is used to prepare PRP, the risk of disease transmissions, allergic reactions, toxicity or rejection is avoided. Other contraindications include patients:
Who have haemotological disorders or concurrent infections;
Who are being treated with Roaccutane;
Who have immunosuppression;
Suffer from poorly controlled chronic medical conditions;
This treatment is a quick 20-minute procedure. After 9 cm3 of blood (approximately 1 vial) is drawn from the patient, it is spun down in a centrifuge for 6 minutes at a precalculated speed to retrieve the most viable fibrin and platelets. After centrifugation, the platelet and fibrin component of the blood (the top layer) is extracted and reinjected into the area of concern.2
The treatment can be repeated, and better results are seen with a total of 2-3 treatments given 3-4 months apart. Patients can expect to see better results as they receive more treatments. With time, the results of PRP get better and better.2
PRP, or the Vampire Face Lift, is a relatively new technology and therefore guidelines are difficult to come by; however, AmSpa believes that most states consider or will consider PRP to be a medical treatment. Because of this, prior to your initial treatment, the medical spa should conduct you an in-person exam by either a doctor, a nurse practitioner or a physician assistant. There are different stages of PRP treatments that require different practitioners – only trained medical professionals can draw blood, inject, and utilize a microneedling device, but basic application (i.e. without needles) of PRP can be done by most medical spa professionals with proper training, education and supervision. Please check with your local medical board, nursing board or health care attorney for more information.
The biggest risk associated with PRP may be dissatisfaction with the cosmetic results. There is no risk of allergic reaction because PRP is derived from the patient’s own blood. Other injection site risks may include mild irritation, swelling, bruising, itching, and discoloration. These side-effects tend to be temporary and are similar to those seen with other soft tissue fillers and injectables, such as Restylane or Perlane.5
Although there may be some temporary plumping and filling initially, it is categorically not a face lift. It cannot sculpt or lift the lower face, neck and jaw line like a well-performed face/neck lift does.6
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