Permanent makeup, also known as micropigmentation, includes outlining the eyes, and coloring the lips and cheeks with a permanent organic pigment using a tattooing needle. The process is a form of tattooing.
If the permanent makeup candidate has the following contraindications, he/she should not receive the procedure:
Pregnancy and lactation;
Taking blood-thinning medicines (such as aspirin), cortisone, steroids, Accutaine, Retin-A, or Renova (patients must have written permission from physicians if they are taking Coumadin or Heparin);
Undiagnosed rashes and blisters;
Allergies to makeup or colors; and/or,
Easily trigged post inflammatory hyperpigmentation.
Also contraindicated are individuals who are attempting to cover or camouflage telangestasia or birthmarks. Additionally, herpes simplex can be considered a contraindication; however, with the advent of medications to control the viral breakout, herpes is no longer considered a contraindication.1
Permanent makeup is akin to tattooing and therefore is often governed by your state’s tattoo licensure. It is important to note that most states do not allow nurses and estheticians to perform tattooing under their licenses. Please check with your local medical board, nursing board and tattoo licensure regulations for more information.
Many risks associated with permanent makeup are the same for tattoos on other parts of the body. Bleeding may occur during the tattooing procedure, and swelling, bruising, and tenderness of the treated area are common. Poorly sterilized tattooing equipment can lead to infections and, although rare, some people may have an allergic reaction to certain shades of cosmetic tattooing ink. Other risks include the formation of irregular scars called keloids around the tattoo, and a possible interference with MRIs. Overall, dissatisfaction is the largest risk factor associated with permanent makeup. Although there is some flexibility in changing the colors and shapes of permanent lip, eye, and eyebrow makeup, and laser tattoo removal may be an option, those considering permanent cosmetics must remember that the results are meant to last a lifetime.3
Typically, there is very minimal downtime with permanent makeup. There is not generally any bruising, and the redness and swelling mainly takes place the day of the procedure and possibly the next day. Depending on the type of pigment, with time, it fades.
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