By Alex Thiersch, JD, Founder and Director of the American Med Spa Association
The medical spa industry is worth over $4 billion and as it continues to boom core doctors—plastic surgeons, facial plastic surgeons, oculoplastic surgeons, and cosmetic dermatologists—are uniquely placed to do exceptionally well in this still-expanding space. As physicians, they are allowed to own medical spas, and ideally, they would not only profit from the medical spas themselves, but also use them to direct business to their surgical practices. After all, medical spas tend to do a lot of the same things these core doctors do, albeit non-invasively, and it does stand to reason that if patients go to a medical spa looking for a Botox injection, they might eventually want a nose job or a face-lift. In that case, the core doctor who owns the medical spa might be uniquely positioned to offer his or her services.
However, despite the apparent synergy between these two types of businesses, many of the core doctors who treat medical spas as extensions of their surgical practices end up very disappointed in the actual results. I chat with core doctors all the time, and those who have opened medical spas with the idea of using them primarily as feeders for their practices tend to view them as poor investments. Their medical spas tend to flounder, and the amount of business they drive to their surgical practices is disappointing.
In truth, medical spas that are designed primarily to act as feeders for surgical practices are set up to fail, and most core doctors tend to be very bad medical spa owners. They typically don’t understand the medical spa business, how much work it takes, the profit margins, the necessary volume, and numerous other factors vital to maintaining a successful medical spa. But that doesn’t mean that a medical spa can’t still be a successful business for a core doctor or help to generate surgical business—it simply means that a core doctor needs to understand the realities of the medical spa industry before he or she decides to dive headlong into it.
A Different Kind of Practice
The business model with which core doctors tend to be familiar is very different from the one under which medical spas operate. Surgical practices offer big-ticket procedures, such as breast augmentations and face-lifts; therefore, they do not need to deal with a large volume of patients and they do not need to do as much marketing as, say, a retail outlet —by the nature of their business, they tend to generate sufficient revenue to at least get by.
Medical spas are very different. Granted, they must follow the same rules and regulations to which more traditional medical facilities adhere, but the medical aesthetic field is unique in the medical world in that it is entirely elective and entirely cash-based. People who use medical spas do so because they want to, not because they need to, and treatments at medical spas are much less expensive than the ones available from core doctors’ surgical practices. Therefore, for a medical spa to succeed, it must have a high volume of patients, its employees must master the art of selling, and it must do what it can to get patients to return. In other words, it must be run like a retail center rather than a medical office.
For that reason, medical spa operators need to incorporate a totally different mind-set than the type that is typically utilized by core doctors. Medical spas run by core doctors who do not adapt to a more retail-oriented focus often end up failing. When I tell core doctors that I have medical spa clients who generate up to $6 million annually, they are usually blown away. Many of them cannot wrap their minds around how that can be possible.
Understand What You Know, And What You Don’t
In order for a medical spa to succeed in creating business for a core doctor’s surgical practice, it must first succeed on its own terms and, to facilitate that, core doctors typically need to let someone else run the show. Core doctors need to come to terms with the fact that the medical spa business is much, much different than the one they are used to, and they need to partner with people who are experienced with marketing and sales in a retail environment.
A core doctor’s time is better spent doing the things medical spas cannot do: highly profitable surgical procedures. If a core doctor can get a true businessperson to operate the med spa, they will do much better in the end. Giving up this control can be difficult for core doctors to do, since a lifetime of academic and financial success tends to make them think they can achieve anything. However, most doctors don’t go to business school—they usually don’t know retail and they don’t typically understand sales. These qualities—not medical knowledge or surgical skill—are what tend to make medical spas successful.
In addition, medical spa team members need to have the tools and the processes to be able to sell. A medical spa receptionist, for example, should not be someone fresh out of high school and being paid $12 an hour; a receptionist should be one of the highest-paid people on an administrative staff, because he or she needs to be able to sell.
A medical spa should have talk tracks for nurses and estheticians, so they understand that their jobs are about selling themselves and selling the doctor. Employees at medical spas also need to understand that selling retail products is very important to maintaining a healthy business. These are things that successful medical spas do that may seem distasteful to doctors, who are used to a professional environment that is less aggressive. But this is the reality of the medical spa industry, and every day more and more physicians are finding this to be true.
The businesspeople who are entering the medical spa industry are willing to do whatever it takes to be successful. A core doctor might think he or she doesn’t need help, but chances are the opposite is true.
There are many resources in the AmSpa store to help you build your business and to train your team to put your medical spa practice in the best position to succeed.
Still the Practice of Medicine
Although a medical aesthetic practice must be focused on sales, it is also required to follow the medical rules and regulations of the state in which it is located. These laws can vary widely depending on your state, so consult an attorney familiar with aesthetics when setting up your practice and your procedures. AmSpa members can check their state’s medical aesthetic legal summary to see the rules and regulations governing their practice.
Most states observe a doctrine known as the corporate practice of medicine, which dictates that a medical practice must be owned by a physician or a physician-owned corporation. As previously established, medical spas are retail outlets, but they are also unquestionably medical practices, so in states where the corporate practice of medicine is observed, medical spas must be entirely owned by a doctor or his or her corporation.
This can present difficulties for a core doctor who wishes to partner with a businessperson to run a medical spa, because it is likely that said businessperson is going to want some equity in the practice. If the state in which the medical spa is located observes the corporate practice of medicine, this would be illegal.
There are options, however. If a core doctor wishes to partner with an entrepreneur to open a medical spa in a corporate-practice-of-medicine state, they can look into setting up a management services organization (MSO). As its name suggests, an MSO provides management services. It partners with a doctor, for whom a separate company is created; this doctor’s company exclusively provides medical services.
This arrangement, known as a management service agreement (MSA), allows a non-physician to supervise almost every aspect of a medical aesthetic business, including branding, marketing, owning the real estate, payroll, human resources, accounting, and billing—everything except the actual administration of medical services.
Essentially, this is a lessor/lessee situation. More often than not, the MSO owns and maintains the facility, while the doctor occupies the space. The doctor pays the MSO “rent” for the right to occupy the space, and the MSO functions in much the same way as a landlord, maintaining the facility and keeping the doctor as comfortable as possible.
However, unlike a rental agreement that is governed by a lease that dictates the occupant pay a set amount of money for a certain term, the amount paid to the MSO fluctuates according to the amount of business conducted by the physician. If the medical organization treats more patients in a month or quarter (depending on the terms of the agreement) than it did the previous month, the MSO will also make more money. This represents the sort of equity a core doctor’s business partner might seek—in function, if not form. Read more on MSOs here.
The corporate practice of medicine also dictates the ways in which rank-and-file medical spa employees can be incentivized. In the world of retail, salespeople are often offered commission—they receive a percentage of the sales they make that meet certain conditions set by their employers. However, in states that observe the corporate practice of medicine, all payments for medical services must be made in full to a physician or physician-owned corporation. In these states, if a medical spa owner is paying employees commission, he or she is engaging in an illegal practice known as fee-splitting.
This is somewhat common at medical spas—the people who own and operate these establishments generally only wish to reward the people who bring business to the practice. But the fact remains that if a medical spa is found to be engaging in fee-splitting in a state in which it is illegal, the doctor who owns the practice could face the suspension or revocation of his or her license, as well as a significant fine. What’s more, the person who receives the commission payment is also subject to a fine. Again, a performance-based bonus structure can be offered as an alternative to commission. Read more about med spa compensation here.
Medical spa owners and operators who are not familiar with the ownership requirements in their states should contact an experienced health care attorney to learn what is expected of them.
Becoming a medical director for a medical spa, rather than opening his or her own facility, is another option for a core doctor. A lot of core doctors I have represented are doing this very successfully. The advantage of this arrangement is that the core doctors don’t need to deal with actual day-to-day operation of a retail store; they can simply lend their name to a medical spa, perform some consultations, oversee the practice’s other medical professionals, and then high-tail it back to their own practice rather than needing to worry about the minutiae of the business. This can provide a core doctor with a look at the industry without requiring him or her to make the enormous ownership commitment. It’s important, however, to understand the risks and responsibilities of med spa medical directors before making this decision.
The core doctors who oversee a properly maintained and operated medical spa stand to gain a great deal from the arrangement. A successful medical spa can earn a lot of money by itself and, if a medical spa has a lot of patients, it makes sense that the number of referrals to an affiliated core doctor’s surgical practice would be higher than if the medical spa is struggling.
If a core doctor wants to enter the medical aesthetic industry, he or she cannot engage in half-measures. A medical spa that is created to function primarily as an addition to a surgical practice is unlikely to find a great deal of success; a medical spa that is designed to succeed on its own terms, however, offers numerous benefits to its owners, not the least of which is the possibility of increased surgical business.
Attend an AmSpa Medical Spa & Aesthetic Boot Camp to learn the legal and business best-practices to build and run a successful medical spa practice.